When a tooth gets infected, it must be treated. Tooth infection unfortunately is one the most common problems people suffer, yet continues to occur. The extent of tooth decay associated with infection can greatly vary, depending on how long the infection last and how deep into the tooth it has spread. It is this extent which determines what kind of restoration is most suitable for the decayed tooth.
Following are some of the most common teeth restoration techniques in modern dentistry:
A dental filling is used to restore teeth with cavities. Amalgam and composite resin fillings are the two most common types of filling materials. Mostly, tooth colored composite restorations are done in areas more visible when a person speaks and smiles, while silver amalgam fillings are used in the posterior teeth where esthetics is not a concern, but function is.
Bonding involves using tooth colored composite resin material to build up and fill teeth. They are indicated in a variety of dental problems such as chipped teeth, discoloration, abnormal tooth shape, gaps with teeth and are even used as cements for bonding orthodontic brackets upon the teeth for orthodontic treatment.
A tooth that has undergone root canal therapy requires further aid in its restoration through a crown. A dental crown is like a cap placed upon the treated tooth to enhance its stability and strength. Teeth which have undergone root canal therapy, those that are cracked or extensively broken require the use of a dental crown to restore their function. Dental crowns may also be used to improve esthetics of teeth damaged in the anterior portion of the face, such as those which extreme discoloration or a large gap or chip.
For the replacement of a lost tooth or multiple teeth, dental bridge may be used. This is a prosthesis resembling a multiple crowns fused together, taking their support from adjacent teeth to the missing tooth region. In essence, the bridge consists of a prosthetic tooth called a “pontic”, attached to two crowns which act as anchors for the crown, known as “abutments”.
Dental implants are permanent replacements for missing roots of teeth, used to give superior retention to dental prosthesis such as a crown, a bridge and dentures. Dental implants in essence are Titanium metal screws which are drilled into the bone where a previous tooth existed, to replace its root. It is then used to give retention to a dental restoration.
Dentures are acrylic replacements for lost teeth. They consist of a denture base which resembles the color of the gums, and acrylic teeth to replace the lost teeth. They rely on the saliva and bone for their retention in the mouth, sometimes even a clasp which attached onto an adjacent tooth if present.
Full mouth reconstruction
The process of simultaneously rebuilding and restoring all the teeth of the upper and lower jaws both is known as full mouth reconstruction. It involves the use of multiple tooth restoration techniques to achieve the desired and ideal result.